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The electrical panel at home and what to do if you run out of power


Do you know what the electrical panel of your house is like? If your leads have ever jumped, you will have had to return the light by raising levers, so now we explain what they really are:

If you have ever jumped the leads, you have changed a switch or you have made any change related to the electrical circuit, you will have had to go to the electrical panel of your home; to turn off the lights completely or return the light to the house. And since there is a regulation that regulates the light boxes, there are a minimum of elements that are mandatory inside that small box which is usually next to the door.

What elements does the home light box have?

ICP – Power Control Switch

The acronym ICP stands for Power Control Switch, and it is about the switch that is always separated from the others; the one that cuts the supply if you want to use a power higher than the contracted one.

The ICP is responsible for your leads jumping if you plug in an extra appliance, but if you have a smart meter (or when you do, because by the end of next year and by law everyone should have a digital meter), this switch will be integrated.

Note that if you want to power up your current ICP should be replaced; this would be a task for your distribution company.

IGA – Automatic General Switch

The Automatic General Switch It is a general circuit breaker, which means that it controls the installation and protects it from overloads or short circuits. In addition, it controls the maximum power that the installation supports.

ID – Differential Switch

The Diferential switch It is an indispensable element in the electrical installation and common in the light boxes. It is the box that in addition to a lever has a button, and protects people from direct and indirect contact with a device that can cause cramps.

PIAS – Small Circuit Breakers

Small Circuit Breakers in a group. They are the switches in charge of managing each of the internal electrical circuits of the house such as the light, the plugs or the heating, so that there will be as many PIAS in your electrical panel as there are circuits the installation has.

The PIAS protect from short circuits and overloads each of the circuits in the system, so that if there is a problem, you will not be without current in the whole house, if not in the part where the power has been exceeded. That explains why sometimes only kitchen leads jump, for example.

PCS – Surge Protector

PCS means Surge Protector, so avoid that the electrical appliances at home are damaged for that reason. It is not a required switch, so it may not be on your light box.

What to do if the leads jump?

The most common reason that leads jump at home is that you have more things plugged in than usual and that you exceed the contracted power. In that case, the ICP will leave you without power.

To return the light to your house you must unplugging the last appliance you connected, lower all levers of the electrical panel (if you have one of the new digital meters you should not find any lever lowered), and upload them again after three or four seconds.

If, as we mentioned before, only one of the circuits has “petado”, you will be left in the dark in parts. If so, you will see the corresponding PIA downloaded, and you will only have to raise it again (not without first disconnecting the last device you have plugged in, the one that caused the darkness).

If your leads jump too often, it may mean that you need to hire more power. If, on the contrary, it has been a long time since they jumped you, it is possible that you can lower the contracted power. To check, Call us now and we will advise you without obligation. Also ask how much you could save if you were our client, we are waiting for you! 🙂

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